Quick Answer: Can More Than One Element Have The Same Absorption Or Emission Spectra?

What is meant by absorption spectra?

: an electromagnetic spectrum in which a decrease in intensity of radiation at specific wavelengths or ranges of wavelengths characteristic of an absorbing substance is manifested especially as a pattern of dark lines or bands..

Why do you see several emission lines for each metallic salt?

Every element has its own characteristic set of energy levels. Thus, an atom of Na has different energy levels and transitions than an atom of Li. The different mix of energy differences for each atom produces different colours. Each metal gives a characteristic flame emission spectrum.

Why are some spectra continuous?

Continuous spectra (also called thermal or blackbody spectra) arise from dense gases or solid objects which radiate heat. They emit radiation over a broad range of wavelengths, thus the spectra appear smooth and continuous.

Why do atoms exhibit line spectra?

The presence of spectral lines is explained by quantum mechanics in terms of the energy levels of atoms, ions and molecules. … Absorption lines occur when an atom, element or molecule absorbs a photon with an energy equal to the difference between two energy levels.

Which is an example of continuous spectra?

A rainbow is an example of a continuous spectrum. Most continuous spectra are from hot, dense objects like stars, planets, or moons. The continuous spectrum from these kinds of objects is also called a thermal spectrum, because hot, dense objects will emit electromagnetic radiation at all wavelengths or colors.

Can two elements have the same emission spectra?

When atoms are excited they emit light of certain wavelengths which correspond to different colors. Each element produces a unique set of spectral lines. … Since no two elements emit the same spectral lines, elements can be identified by their line spectrum.

What is the relationship between a given element absorption and emission spectra?

The difference between absorption and emission spectra are that absorption lines are where light has been absorbed by the atom thus you see a dip in the spectrum whereas emission spectra have spikes in the spectra due to atoms releasing photons at those wavelengths.

Why atomic spectra are not continuous?

Quick answer: Atomic spectra are continuous because the energy levels of electrons in atoms are quantized. The electrons in an atom can have only certain energy levels. There is no middle ground. … There is nothing between each line, so the spectrum is discontinuous.

What do absorption lines look like?

Absorption lines are usually seen as dark lines, or lines of reduced intensity, on a continuous spectrum. This is seen in the spectra of stars, where gas (mostly hydrogen) in the outer layers of the star absorbs some of the light from the underlying thermal blackbody spectrum. … See also: spectral line.

Why do emission lines vary in intensity?

The more atoms undergoing a particular transition, the more intense the emission line will be. The intensity depends on the density and temperature of the gas. An absorption line is produced when a photon of just the right energy is absorbed by an atom, kicking an electron to a higher energy orbit.

Why did the different elements have different line emission spectra?

There are many possible electron transitions for each atom, and each transition has a specific energy difference. This collection of different transitions, leading to different radiated wavelengths, make up an emission spectrum. Each element’s emission spectrum is unique.

Why do the wavelengths of the absorption and emission lines match?

As the radiation passes through a gas, certain wavelengths are absorbed. Those same wavelengths appear in emission when the gas is observed at an angle with respect to the radiation source. Why do atoms absorb only electromagnetic energy of a particular wavelength?

What is the difference between emission and absorption?

Emission is when electrons return to energy levels. Absorption is when electrons gain energy and jump to higher energy levels. Absorption and emission of light reveals details about the atomic structure of an atom by telling us the amount of energy levels and the space between the energy levels.

Which element produced the smallest number of lines?

hydrogenOf the elements for which there are known emission line spectra, hydrogen has the simplest spectrum with 4 spectral lines (some show 5 spectral lines)…

How do you determine the emission spectra element?

In emission spectra, bright lines will show up corresponding to the difference between energy levels of the elements, where in an absorption spectrum, the lines will be dark. By looking at the pattern of lines, scientists can figure out the energy levels of the elements in the sample.

What is the difference between atomic absorption and emission spectra?

Atomic absorption spectra are produced when ground-state atoms absorb energy from a radiation source. Atomic emission spectra are produced when neutral atoms in an excited state emit energy on returning to the ground state or a lower-energy state.

Why is the sun’s emission spectrum missing lines?

Absorption – If white light, containing all the colours, passes through a gas then when it emerges some of the colours are missing. This is because the atoms in the gas absorb light with very definite wavelengths, actually exactly the same wavelengths that the same atoms would emit if they were excited.

What are the three types of spectra?

The three main types of spectra: continuous, absorption, emission.